By Francesco Vanni
The debate at the destiny orientation of the ecu universal Agricultural coverage (CAP) is more and more formed by way of the function of agriculture in offering public items, and there's a huge consensus that this procedure could be quite suitable in legitimating the coverage intervention in agriculture within the future.
In the context of this debate, it's not transparent to what volume collective motion may be considered as a precious substitute to marketplace or kingdom legislation in contributing to the supply of public items, and to what quantity it truly is attainable to layout and enforce agricultural rules that include a collective and collaborative technique among diversified stakeholders in rural areas.
Through a detailed research case stories in Italy, the publication presents insights to either the coverage and the theoretical debate at the function of collective motion for the general public items linked to agriculture.
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Additional resources for Agriculture and Public Goods: The Role of Collective Action
OECD Publishing, Paris OECD (2008) Multifunctionality in agriculture: evaluating the degree of jointness, policy implications. OECD Publishing, Paris OECD (2010) Environmental cross compliance in agriculture. OECD Publishing, Paris OECD (2011) Evaluation of agricultural policy reforms in the European union. OECD Publishing, Paris OECD (2012) Evaluation of agri-environmental policies: selected methodological issues and case studies. OECD Publishing, Paris. 1787/9789264179332-en OECD (2012) Farmer behaviour, agricultural management and climate change.
4 The Role of Social Capital 31 Finally, with regard to the (iv) connectedness in networks and groups, it is possible to recognize three types of connectedness: bonding, bridging and linking (Pretty 2003): • Bonding describes the links from membership of groups of similar people with strong ties, such as networks of friends, family and associates; • Bridging from membership of more diverse associations, with weaker links between individuals, such as interests groups or social and leisure clubs; • Linking describes connections with people in position of power, and is good for accessing support from formal institutions.
The same authors argue that all the factors which influence the structure of groups and their organizations are relevant because they influence their conduct and then their outcomes. Indeed, neither the institutions involved nor the collective action itself are the ultimate objective; performance outcomes are important as well. 1 Collective Action: Definition and Characteristics Determining variables Collective action Structure of entities Structure 23 Conduct Outcomes Performance Fig. 1 Structure, conduct and performance of collective action.
Agriculture and Public Goods: The Role of Collective Action by Francesco Vanni