By Norman Uphoff, Andrew S. Ball, Erick Fernandes, Hans Herren, Olivier Husson, Mark Laing, Cheryl Palm, Jules Pretty, Pedro Sanchez, Nteranya Sanginga, Janice Thies
Worldwide agriculture is now on the crossroads. the golf green Revolution of the final century is wasting momentum. premiums of progress in foodstuff creation at the moment are declining, with land and water assets turning into scarcer, whereas international inhabitants maintains to develop. we have to proceed to spot and proportion the information that may aid winning and sustainable agriculture platforms. those count crucially on soil. Gaining foreign consciousness, Dr. Uphoff’s efforts to advertise and enhance sustainable agriculture was once lately featured within the N.Y. instances Led by means of Norman Uphoff, across the world popular for his proactive method of international starvation, this quantity brings jointly 102 specialists representing 28 international locations and a number of disciplines to file on achievements in sustainable soil-system administration. whereas accepting a few carrying on with function for chemical and different exterior inputs, this e-book provides ways that vegetation will be produced affordably in better abundance with lessened dependence at the exogenous assets that experience pushed the growth of agriculture some time past. together with the paintings of either researchers and practitioners, this significant quantity — · Explores soil platforms in various weather stipulations · Discusses the significance of symbiotic relationships among crops and soil organisms, plants as essential and interdependent individuals in ecosystems · Seeks to minimize the space among medical learn and technical perform · Examines comparable issues similar to pest and illness regulate, weather swap, fertility recovery, and makes use of of tracking and modeling With 50 self-contained chapters, this paintings presents researchers, practitioners, and coverage makers with a finished figuring out of the technological know-how and steps had to make the most of soil platforms for the long term good thing about humankind. for info at the SRI, procedure of Rice Intensification being constructed via Uphoff and others, visit http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/
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Additional info for Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment)
Symptome und Symptomsequenzen bei Erna¨hrungssto¨rungen von ho¨heren Pﬂanzen, Kalibriefe, 2/3 (1968). , Healthy Crops: A New Agricultural Revolution, Jon Carpenter, Charnley, UK (2004). Do¨bereiner, J. , Eliminac¸a˜o da toxdes de Mn pela mate´ria orgaˆnica em solo ‘gray hidromorﬁco’, Pesq. Agropec. , 1, 234– 248 (1966). , Guerre chimique chez les vegeteaux, La Recherche, 179, 912– 916 (1995). Funes, F. , Transformando el Campo Cubano, Centro de Estudios de Agricultura Sostenible, Havana (2001).
Farmers are more often interested in maximizing the economic productivity of their crops rather than in emphasizing sustainability. However, measures favoring the latter contribute to cost-effective economic productivity over time if one looks beyond single seasons, and especially if one wants to make best use of our limited fresh water supplies. Conserving water in situ, in the soil where plants and various organisms need them, is the most rational approach. The production and use of more organic matter within a cropping system has many advantages, especially in the humid tropics, for its beneﬁcial effects on ground cover and to have more SOM for promoting soil aggregation.
This analysis underscores the beneﬁts of maintaining permanent cover on ﬁelds as discussed in Chapter 22 to Chapter 24. Various means — biological, chemical, and physical — can be used to control weed competition and alter soil structure, the main reasons for plowing over the millennia. Replacing tillage with practices that keep the soil covered and nurture more biotic activity in the upper horizons is one of many biologically-based approaches for better management of soil systems. This kind of analysis and associated changes in standard agronomic practice are opening up new possibilities, with many other examples considered in Part III.
Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment) by Norman Uphoff, Andrew S. Ball, Erick Fernandes, Hans Herren, Olivier Husson, Mark Laing, Cheryl Palm, Jules Pretty, Pedro Sanchez, Nteranya Sanginga, Janice Thies